Cesar Garcia avatar
Written by Cesar Garcia
Updated over a week ago

This plugin provides an in-studio integration with Transifex. It allows your editors to send any document to Transifex with the click of a button, monitor ongoing translations, and import partial or complete translations back into the studio.

To maintain document structure, it's easiest to send your documents over to Transifex as HTML fragments, then deserialize them upon import. This plugin provides the following:

  • A new tab in your studio for the documents you want to translate

  • An adapter that communicates with the Transifex file API

  • Customizable HTML serialization and deserialization tooling

  • Customizable document patching tooling



Package manager "npm" installed.

Sanity Project Created “npm install -g @sanity/cli && sanity init”.

Once your environment is ready, please continue to install our Sanity-Transifex plugin.

  1. In your studio folder, run npm install sanity-plugin-transifex.

  2. Ensure the plugin has access to your Transifex secrets. You'll want to create a document that includes your project name, organization name, and a token with appropriate access. Please refer to our documentation on creating a token if you don't have one already.

    • In your studio, create a file called populateTransifexSecrets.js.

    • Place the following in the file and fill out the correct values (those in all-caps).

// ./populateTransifexSecrets.js
// Do not commit this file to your repository

import {getCliClient} from 'sanity/cli'

const client = getCliClient({apiVersion: '2023-02-15'})

// The `.` in this _id will ensure the document is private
// even in a public dataset!
_id: 'transifex.secrets',
_type: 'transifexSettings',
// Replace these with your values
organization: 'YOUR_TRANSIFEX_ORG_HERE',
  • On the command line, run the file:

    npx sanity exec populateTransifexSecrets.js --with-user-token

  • Verify that the document was created using the Vision Tool in the Studio:

    • Execute the following query:

      *[_id == 'transifex.secrets']

NOTE: If you have multiple datasets, you'll have to do this across all of them, since it's a document!

  • If everything looks good, go ahead and delete populateTransifexSecrets.js so you don't commit it. Because the document's _id is on a path (transifex), it won't be exposed to the outside world, even in a public dataset. If you have concerns about this being exposed to authenticated users of your studio, you can control access to this path with role-based access control.

3. Get the Transifex tab on your desired document type, using whatever pattern you like. You'll use the desk structure for this. The options for translation will be nested under this desired document type's views.

Here's a base sample example:

import {DefaultDocumentNodeResolver} from 'sanity/desk'
//...your other desk structure imports...
import {TranslationsTab, defaultDocumentLevelConfig} from 'sanity-plugin-transifex'
//if you are using field-level translations, you can import the field-level config instead:
//import {TranslationsTab, defaultFieldLevelConfig} from 'sanity-plugin-studio-smartling'
//if you're not sure which, please look at the document-level and field-level sections below

export const defaultDocumentNode: DefaultDocumentNodeResolver = (S, {schemaType}) => {
if (schemaType === 'myTranslatableDocumentType') {
return S.document().views([
// other views -- for example, live preview, document pane, etc.,
//again, if you're using field-level translations, you can use the field-level config instead:

For our setup we will need the following files setup as outlined below:

Note: The two files mentioned below follow (sanity.config.ts and structure.js) the file structures outlined in this article "Migrating Custom Structure and Default Document Node" on the Sanity site. This will also help with migrating from Sanity V2 to Sanity V3.

  • You should have a sanity.config.ts that should look as follows:

// sanity.config.ts
import {defineConfig} from 'sanity'
import {deskTool} from 'sanity/desk'
import {structure, defaultDocumentNode} from './structure'
import { schemaTypes } from './schemas'

export default defineConfig({
name: 'default',
dataset: 'production',
plugins: [
schema: {
types: schemaTypes

  • You should have a structure.js (.ts) that should look as follows:

// ./structure.js (.ts)
import {TranslationsTab, defaultDocumentLevelConfig} from 'sanity-plugin-transifex'

// note: context includes `currentUser` and the client
export const structure = (S, context) =>

export const defaultDocumentNode = (S, {schemaType}) => {
// Conditionally return a different configuration based on the schema type
if (schemaType === "post") {
return S.document().views([

return S.document().views([

The difference between Sanity V2 and Sanity V3:

The main difference is that your custom structures are now passed in on the deskTool's structure property. It allows for a function that has the Structure Builder API (aka S) as its first argument and context with the currentUser and the studio client as its second.

This means that if you use import client from "part:@sanity/base/client" in your structure builder definition, then you have to move that to use the client being exposed through the call function.

Similarly, getDefaultDocumentNode from v2 is now the property defaultDocumentNode in the deskTool configuration object. It receives Structure Builder (aka S) as its first argument, and the context with the current schemaType as its second.

For further information please the following article.

And that should do it! Go into your studio, click around, and check the document in Transifex (it should be under its Sanity _id). Once it's translated, check the import by clicking the Import button on your Transifex tab!

defaultDocumentLevelConfig and defaultFieldLevelConfig make a few assumptions that can be overridden (see the below section). These assumptions are based on Sanity's existing recommendations on localization:

  • defaultDocumentLevelConfig:

    • You want any fields containing text or text arrays to be translated.

    • You're storing documents in different languages along a path pattern like i18n.{id-of-base-language-document}.{locale}.

  • defaultFieldLevelConfig:

    • Your base language is English.

    • Any fields you want translated exist in the multi-locale object form we recommend. For example, on a document you don't want to be translated, you may have a "title" field that's a flat string: title: 'My title is here.' For a field you want to include many languages for, your title may look like

    • { title: { en: 'My title is here.', es: 'Mi título está aquí.', etc... } }

      This config will look for the English values on all fields that look like this, and place translated values into their appropriate fields.

If your content models don't look like this, you can still run the defaults as an experiment -- you'll just likely get some funky results on import!

Overriding defaults, customizing serialization, and more!

To truly fit your documents and layout, you have a lot of power over how exporting, importing, serializing, and patching work. Below are some common use cases/situations and how you can resolve them.

Scenario: Some fields or objects in my document are serializing /deserializing strangely.

First: this is often caused by not declaring types at the top level of your schema. Serialization introspects your schema files and can get a much better sense of what to do when objects are not "anonymous" (this is similar to how our GraphQL functions work -- more info on "strict" schemas here) You can save yourself some development time by trying this first.

If that's still not doing the trick, you can add on to the serializer to ensure you have complete say over how an object gets serialized and deserialized. Under the hood, serialization is using Sanity's blocks-to-html, and the same principles apply here. We strongly recommend you check that documentation to understand how to use these serialization rules. Here's how you might declare and use some custom serialization.

First, write your serialization rules:

import { h } from '@sanity/block-content-to-html' 
import { customSerializers } from 'sanity-plugin-transifex'
const myCustomSerializerTypes = {
myType: (props) => { const innerElements =
//do things with the props //className and id is VERY important!! don't forget them!!
return h('div', { className: props.node._type, id: props.node._key }, innerElements)
const myCustomSerializers = customSerializers myCustomSerializers.types = myCustomSerializerTypes const myCustomDeserializer = {
types: {
myType: (htmlString) => {
//parse it back out!

If your object is inline, then you may need to use the deserialization rules in Sanity's block-tools (also used in deserialization. So you might declare something like this:

const myBlockDeserializationRules = [
deserialize(el, next, block) {
if (el.className.toLowerCase() != myType.toLowerCase()) {
return undefined
//do stuff with the HTML string
return { _type:
//all my other fields

Now, to bring it all together:

import { TranslationTab, defaultDocumentLevelConfig, BaseDocumentSerializer, BaseDocumentDeserializer, BaseDocumentPatcher, defaultStopTypes } from "sanity-plugin-transifex" 
const myCustomConfig = {
...defaultDocumentLevelConfig, exportForTranslation: (id) =>
BaseDocumentSerializer.serializeDocument (
importTranslation: (id, localeId, document) => {
return BaseDocumentDeserializer.deserializeDocument(
myBlockDeserializationRules).then( deserialized =>
BaseDocumentPatcher.documentLevelPatch(deserialized, id,

Then, in your document structure, just feed the config into your TranslationTab.

S.view.component(TranslationTab).title('Transifex').options( myCustomConfig )

import { TranslationTab, defaultDocumentLevelConfig, BaseDocumentDeserializer } from "sanity-plugin-transifex" 
const myCustomConfig = {
importTranslation: (
document) => {
return BaseDocumentDeserializer.deserializeDocument(id,document).then(
deserialized =>
//you should have an object of translated values here.
//Do things with them!

Scenario: I want to have more granular control over how my documents get patched back to my dataset.

If all the serialization is working to your liking, but you have a different setup for how your document works, you can overwrite that patching logic.

Scenario: I want to ensure certain fields never get sent to my translators.

The serializer actually introspects your schema files. You can set localize: false on a schema and that field should not be sent off. Example:

fields: [{ name: 'categories', type: 'array', localize: false, ... }]

Scenario: I want to ensure certain types of objects never get serialized or sent to my translators.

This plugin ships with a specification called stopTypes. By default, it ignores fields that don't have useful linguistic information -- dates, numbers, etc. You can add to it easily.

import { TranslationTab, defaultDocumentLevelConfig, defaultStopTypes, BaseDocumentSerializer } from "sanity-plugin-transifex" 
const myCustomStopTypes = [ }
'listItem' ]
const myCustomConfig = {
exportForTranslation: (id) => BaseDocumentSerializer.serializeDocument (

As above, feed the config into your TranslationTab.
S.view.component(TranslationTab).title('Transifex').options( myCustomConfig )

There are a number of further possibilities here. Pretty much every interface provided can be partially or fully overwritten. Do write an issue if something seems to never work how you expect it or if you'd like a more elegant way of doing things.

This plugin is in its early stages. We plan on improving some of the user-facing Chrome, sorting out some quiet bugs, figuring out where things don't fail elegantly, etc. Please be a part of our development process!

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